Coventry, History and Heritage
Coventry, located in the West Midlands region of England, grew to become one of the most important cities in England during the Middle Ages due to its booming cloth and textiles trade. The city was noted for its part in the English Civil War, and later became an important industrial city during the 19th and 20th centuries, becoming the centre of the British bicycle and later motor industry. The devastating Blitz by the Nazis in 1940 destroyed much of the city centre, and saw its rebuilding during the 1950s and 60s. The motor industry slumped during the 1970s and 80s, and Coventry saw high unemployment. However in the new millennium the city, along with many others saw significant urban renaissance and in 2017 it was announced that the city had been awarded the title of 2021 UK City of Culture.
JAGUAR IN COVENTRY
The first British motor car was made in Coventry in 1897 by The Daimler Motor Company Limited, and a growing number of other small motor manufacturers began to appear. The progress of this new industry was slow at first, but within 10 years the motor trade was employing some 10,000 people, and by the 1930s bicycle making had largely been replaced by motor manufacture which grew to employ 38,000 people by 1939. Coventry had become a centre of the British motor industry; Jaguar, Rover and Rootes being just three of many famous British manufacturers to be based in the area.
While Jaguar's historical Browns Lane plant in Coventry closed in 2004, after many decades of production of various models including the XJ, the company has seen tremendous growth under the ownership of Tata Motors (India) since 2008, which has led to the expansion of its Whitley site in Coventry as well as the opening of a new division, Jaguar Land Rover Classic Works.
Jaguar Land Rover's World Headquarters at Whitley, Coventry, West Midlands.
Expansion plans at Jaguar's Whitley site.
Jaguar Land Rover's Classic Works facility in Coventry, specializing in classic Jaguar and Land Rover models.
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